Computers could only execute commands they couldn’t store them or “remember” them.
In 1950 English Mathematician Alan Turing published a paper entitled “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” posing the question, “Can machines think?” within it he devised the Turing Test, or “Imitation Game”, which was a simple test that could be used to prove that machines could think.
In 1956 The term artificial intelligence was first coined by John McCarthy when he held an academic conference on the subject.
In 1959 Arthur Samuel coins the term “machine learning,” saying one day a computer will be able to beat a person at chess. It was Claude Shannon who first wrote a paper about developing a chess playing program.